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   Themes: Mars: Mars in Science Fiction Bibliography  

This bibliography began as "Voyages to Mars", a two-part article I wrote for Sirius in 1993. At the time there was a boom in Mars fiction and though I tried to be as complete as possible, my article was soon out of date.

Worse, now I was no longer looking for them, I kept running across dusty old books about Mars in second hand bookstores and market stalls. Gradually I got the idea of turning my article into a bibliography and putting it on the Internet.

Some people will wonder why I haven’t included H.G. Wells’ War of the Worlds. This is because this bibliography is about Mars, not about Martians, and I have stuck to works set on or dealing with the planet. I have tried to include as broad as possible range of books on this theme, from planetary romances by Edgar Rice Burroughs, to hard science fiction by Kim Stanley Robinson. With one special exception, I have not included any juvenile fiction about Mars, nor have I included any media tie-ins or spin-offs.

If anyone wants to make corrections, or suggestions, or just comment on this page, please get in touch. I welcome the feedback. All opinions in this bibliography are my own.

I mentioned the original publisher and place of edition between brackets beneath the book's title. The links to online stores such as are not necessarily to that particular edition due to reprints or imports from other countries.

Christine Hawkins, last update: 10/30/00



Allaby, Michael
The Greening of Mars / Michael Allaby and James Lovelock
(New York: St Martin's Press, 1984)
The settlement of Mars as described by a second generation Martian. Science fact thinly disguised as science fiction.

Aldiss, Brian W. in collaboration with Roger Penrose
White Mars
(London : Little, Brown & Company, 1999) Travellers, stranded on Mars, decide to build a utopian society. This is one where your mileage may really vary. If you are looking for action and a straightforward narrative, White Mars is not for you. On the other hand, if you enjoy political and social speculation there is a lot in this book for you. Told from the multiple points of view of the main people involved in creating the Martian utopia, with an epilogue from one of their descendants.

Anderson, Kevin J.
Climbing Olympus
(New York: Warner Books, 1994).
A small band of surgically adapted humans hide on Mars, resenting the terraforming process which is taking the planet away from them. The author acknowledges his debt to Man Plus by Frederik Pohl.

Arnold, Edwin Lester
Lieut. Gulliver Jones: His Vacation
(London: Brown, Langham & Co., 1905. Also has title: Gulliver of Mars.)
An American naval lieutenant is whisked off to Mars via a flying carpet. There he has adventures and rescues a princess. Not a very realistic novel, but lyrically written and with a sense of humor. Said to have influenced Burroughs' A Princess of Mars.

Ash, Fenton
A Trip to Mars
(London: W. & R. Chambers, 1909. Reprinted New York: Arno Press, 1975)

Attanasio, A. A.
(London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1994)
A group of misfits smuggle the brain of an "archaic" human to the Martian city of Solis. An unusual story, set in a far future Mars.


Baxter, Stephen
(New York: HarperCollins, 1997)
Subtitled "A novel of what might have been", this book explores what might have happened if NASA had continued on its way to Mars after the moon landing of 1969. It is well researched and realistically presented in all its details from engineering to politics, though perhaps a little heavy going in some parts.

Bear, Greg
Moving Mars
(New York: Tor, 1993)
When Martian scientists make a discovery which could be used as a super weapon, tensions between Earth and Mars escalate. Told from the point of view of a young Martian politician. One of the best Mars novels appearing in an era of very good Mars novels. Winner of the 1994 Nebula Award.

Benford, Gregory
The Martian Race
(New York: Warner Books, 1999)
"For American John Axelrod, it's not about nationalism or personal fame. It's about the money: the Mars Prize, a $30 billion purse offered for the first successful manned mission to the Red Planet. When NASA becomes bogged down in politics and bureaucracy, businessman Axelrod and a conglomerate of backers seize their chance."--Book Jacket.

Bisson, Terry
Voyage to the Red Planet
(New York: William Morrow & Co., 1990)
In a fully privatized future, a movie studio decides to make a movie on Mars. A bitingly funny satire.

Bova, Ben
(New York: Bantam Books, 1992)
An expedition to Mars is complicated by political wrangling, personality problems among the crew, and a mysterious illness. Good hard science fiction.

Bova, Ben Return to Mars
(London : Hodder &Stoughton, 1999)
Sequel to Ben Bova’s Mars.  A second expedition returns to Mars and discovers intelligent life once lived there.  The book has some interesting situations and ideas, but the characters tend to be cardboard.  The result is a book which is readable, but far from being one of the best of the decade.

Brackett, Leigh
The Secret of Sinharat
(New York: Ace, 1964. First published as "Queen of the Martian Catacombs" in Planet Stories, Summer 1949.)
A half barbarian mercenary must protect some Martian villages from the city of Sinharat. The first of Eric John Stark's adventures.

Brackett, Leigh
People of the Talisman
(New York: Ace, 1964. First Published as "Black Amazon of Mars " in Planet Stories, March 1950)
Eric John Stark acquires a strange and significant talisman from a dying friend.

Brackett, Leigh
The Coming of the Terrans
(New York: Ace, 1967)
Stories about a Terran empire on Mars. Old fashioned adventures about the encounters between an ancient Martian civilization and its crass conquerors.
(Includes: "Mars Minus Bisha" first published in Planet Stories in January 1954
-- "The Beast Jewel of Mars" first published in Planet Stories Winter 1948
-- "The Last Days of Shandakor" first published in Startling Stories April 1952
-- "The Road to Sinharat" first published in Amazing Stories May 1963
-- "Purple Princess of the Mad Moon" first published in the Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction October 1964)

Brackett, Leigh
The Nemesis From Terra
(New York: Ace, 1964. First published as "Shadow Over Mars" in Planet Stories in 1944.)
A vengeful outcast destroys the Terran empire on Mars. An action packed space opera.

Brackett, Leigh
The Sword of Rhiannon
(New York: Ace, 1953. First published as "The Sea Kings of Mars" in Thrilling Wonder Stories in June 1949.)
Matt Carse, a Terran adventurer, finds himself cast back through time to an ancient and magical Mars when he acquires a sorcerers sword.

Bradbury, Ray
The Martian Chronicles
(New York: Doubleday, 1950. British edition published in 1951 under the title of The Silver Locusts. Contents differ slightly in this and some subsequent editions.)
A history of Earth's contact with and colonization of Mars as told in a series of short stories. Bradbury depicts Mars as being a cross between Fairyland and an idealized mid-west: Earthmen conquer and despoil this world, but fail to prevail in the end because of their lack of sensitivity. Scientifically, Bradbury's Mars was becoming out-of-date even as he was writing these stories: the poetry, however, remains.
Includes: "Ylla" first published as "I'll not look for wine" in Mcleans, January 1, 1950
-- "The Earth Men" first published in Thrilling Wonder Stories August 1948
-- "The Third Expedition" first published as "Mars is Heaven!" in Planet Stories, Fall 1948
-- "And the Moon be Still as Bright" first published in Thrilling Wonder, June 1948
-- "Usher II" first published as "Carnival of Madness" in Thrilling Wonder Stories in April 1950
-- "The Off Season" first published in Thrilling Wonder Stories, December 1948
-- "The Silent Towns" first published Charm, March 1949
-- "The Long Years" first published in Mcleans, September 15, 1948 - "There Will Come Soft Rains" first published in Colliers, May 6, 1950
-- "Million Year Picnic" first published in Planet Stories, Summer 1946.
Other stories and bridging episodes written for and first published in The Martian Chronicles. Some stories published separately in other anthologies.

Brunner, John
Born Under Mars
(New York: Ace, 1967)
A Martian pilot becomes enmeshed in the plots of two galactic empires. A space opera uncharacteristic of the author’s later and better known works, but still entertaining.

Brunner, John
The Martian Sphinx /
[as by Keith Woodcott]
(New York: Ace, 1965)
"A United Nations group from Earth solves the enigma of aliens on Mars."-- quoted from Tuck, 1978.)

Budrys, Algis
The Amsirs and the Iron Thorn
(New York: Gold Medal Books, 1967. Published in 1968 under the title The Iron Thorn. A shorter version first appeared in If in January 1967.)
A member of a now barbaric race living on Mars discovers that his ancestors were part of a genetic experiment and that the ships they traveled in are still viable.

Stephen L. Burns
Call from a distant shore
(New York: ROC, 2000)
An alien who is a powerful telepath is trapped on Phobos and calls for help. He contacts various people on Earth and the leader of an expedition to Mars. This book is only marginally concerned with Mars, concentrating more on the way this cry for help affects the people contacted. However it is a fun read, with lots of adventure and colourful, if not particularly deep, characters.

Burks, Arthur J.
The Great Mirror
(London: Swann, 1952. First published in Science Fiction Quarterly, summer 1942)
"Tibetan lamas steal the Great Mirror from Mars"--(quoted from Tuck, 1978.)

Burroughs, Edgar Rice
A Princess of Mars
(Chicago: McClurg, 1917. First published in serial form as "Under the Moons of Mars" in All-Story in 1912.)
John Carter is transported to Mars, is captured by a tribe of Thark warriors and rescues the princess Dejah Thoris. More fantasy than science fiction, this book is filled with strange creatures and colorful scenery. An old-fashioned tale of derring-do which reads somewhat stiltedly today, though many people have fond childhood memories of this book and its sequels.

Burroughs, Edgar Rice
Swords of Mars
(E. R. Burroughs, 1936. First appeared in The Blue Book Magazine November 1934 to April 1935.)
Dejah Thoris is kidnapped by Zodangans and taken to Thuria, the nearer moon of Mars. Eighth book in Burroughs' Mars series.

Burroughs, Edgar Rice
The Chessmen of Mars
(Chicago: McClurg, 1922. First published in Argosy February 1922.)
Tara, daughter of John Carter, finds herself prisoner of the Mantorians and queen in a live game of Jetan (Martian Chess). Her only hope of rescue is Gahan, Jeddak of Gathol, who has followed her disguised as a humble soldier, Turan. Fifth in Burroughs' Mars series.

Burroughs, Edgar Rice
The Gods of Mars
(Chicago: McClurg, 1919. First published in All-Story Magazine January through May 1913.)
John Carter must rescue his princess once again, this time from the false gods of a sinister religion. More swordplay on Mars: ends on a cliffhanger.

Burroughs, Edgar Rice
The Master Mind of Mars
(Chicago: McClurg, 1928. First appeared in Amazing Stories Annual, July 15 1927.)
Ulysses S. Paxton, an American infantry officer, finds himself whisked from the battlefields of the First World War to the laboratories of Ras Thavas, the Master Mind of Mars. There he meets and vows to rescue Valla Dia, a beautiful woman whose body has been sold to the disfigured Xaxa, Jeddara of Phudahl. John Carter makes a token appearance at the end of this book. Sixth novel in Burroughs' Mars series.

Burroughs, Edgar Rice
Thuvia, Maid of Mars
(Chicago: McClurg, 1920. First appeared in All-Story Weekly from April 8 to 22 1916)
John Carter's son Cathoris must rescue the eponymous heroine. Fourth in Edgar Rice Burroughs' Mars series.

Burroughs, Edgar Rice
The Warlord of Mars
(Chicago: McClurg, 1919. First appeared in All-Story from December 1913 to March 1914).
Sequel to The Gods of Mars and third in Edgar Rice Burroughs' Mars series. John Carter rescues Dejah Thoris yet again.

Burroughs, Edgar Rice
A Fighting Man of Mars
(Metropolitan, 1931. First appeared in The Blue Book Magazine April to September 1930.)
When the girl he is courting is abducted, Tan Hadron goes to her rescue. Same story, different hero. Seventh book in Burroughs' Mars series.

Burroughs, Edgar Rice
John Carter of Mars
(New York: Canaveral Press, 1964. First edition has cover title: John Carter and the Giant of Mars. Consists of "John Carter and the Giant of Mars" first published in Amazing Stories in January 1941 and "Skeleton Men of Jupiter" first published in Amazing Stories in February 1943.)

Burroughs, Edgar Rice
Llana of Gathol
(E. R. Burroughs, 1948)
First appeared as "The City of the Mummies" Amazing Stories, March 1941
-- "Black Pirates of Barsoom" Amazing Stories, June 1941
-- "Yellow Men of Mars" Amazing Stories, August, 1941
-- "Invisible Men of Mars" Amazing Stories, October, 1941.)
Involves the kidnapping and rescue of the eponymous heroine, John Carter's granddaughter. Tenth book in Burroughs' Mars series.

Burroughs, Edgar Rice
Synthetic Men of Mars
(E. R. Burroughs, 1940. First appeared in Argosy Jan. 7 to Feb. 11, 1939.)
Ras Thavas, the Master Mind, creates the monsters of the title. Ninth book in Burroughs' Mars series.

Butler, Jack
(New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1989)
Can best be summarized as "Cyberpunk Vampire Leads Revolution on Mars!" Has many good ideas, but it doesn't go anywhere.


Calder, Richard.
Dead Boys
(London: HarperCollins, 1994)
Set in a future where a "nanovirus" is causing pubescent girls to turn into cyborgs. One subplot takes place on Mars. May offend some because of its language and sexual content.

Carter, Lin
The Valley Where Time Stood Still
(New York: Doubleday, 1974)
Sequel to The Man Who Loved Mars.

Carter, Lin
The Man Who Loved Mars
(London: White Lion, 1973)
Ivo Tengren, embittered rebel against the Terran empire, accompanies an eccentric professor and his beautiful granddaughter on a quest for a lost Martian city. Inferior Leigh Brackett pastiche.

Carter, Lin
Down to a Sunless Sea
(New York: DAW, 1984)
Sequel to The City Outside the World.

Carter, Lin
The City Outside the World
(New York: Berkley, 1977)
Sequel to The Valley Where Time Stood Still.

Chandler, A. Bertram
The Alternate Martians

(New York: Ace, 1965)
Ace Double M-129
“Set in the worlds of H.G. Wells, Edgar Rice Burroughs and Otis Adelbert Kline.”  (With thanks to David Kelleher for the information.)

Chandler, A. Bertram
The Bitter Pill
(Melbourne: Wren, 1974)
In the 21st century, Mars has become a penal colony, run by the U.S. on behalf of the Australian government. The prisoners rebel, and call their new world "Botany Bay".

Clarke, Arthur C.
The Sands of Mars
(London: Sidgwick and Jackson, 1951)
A writer travels to Mars and becomes involved with the latest scientific discoveries and the planet's political difficulties. An early novel by Clarke, which has somewhat wooden characters, but interesting ideas. Watch out for the Martian kangaroos!

Cole, Charles
Visitors from Mars: A Narrative
(Portland, Or.: C. Cole, 1901)
An elderly inventor travels as a guest to Mars, and there encounters an advanced, rational utopia. A piece of social commentary disguised as science fiction.

Compton, D. G.
Farewell Earth's Bliss
(London: Hodder and Stroughton, 1966)
Convicts are transported to Mars and there find a strange and oppressive society. A depressing novel, characteristic of its author and very much of its time with its preoccupations with sex and repression.

Cowan, James
Daybreak: A Romance of an Old World
(New York: G. H. Richmond & Co., 1896)
The moon breaks free of the earth and bears two explorers away to Mars. This novel has a Christian message.

Cromie, Robert
A Plunge into Space

(London: Frederick Warne & Co., 1891)
An inventor invents an anti-gravity device , uses it to build a spaceship and with a representative group of friends travels to Mars. A rather wooden piece of prose which, in spite of a love story, reads somewhat like a travel guide. Of historical interest only.

Cross, John Keir
SOS From Mars
(London: Hutchinson, 1954)
"Sequel to The Angry Planet. The chronicles of the second and third Martian expeditions"--(quoted from Tuck, 1978.)

Cross, John Keir
The Angry Planet
(London: P. Lunn, 1945)
"The chronicle of the first Martian expedition"--(quoted from Tuck, 1978.)


Dietz, William C.
Mars Prime
(New York: ROC, 1992)
A journalist investigates a series of brutal murders during the voyage of the first ship to Mars. Later, on Mars, a colonist discovers an abandoned alien spaceship, and uses it to found a religious cult. The two halves of Mars Prime never quite join into a seamless whole and the novel reads like two short stories glued together.

Del Rey, Lester
Police Your Planet [/ as by Eric Van Lihn]
(New York: Avalon Books, 1956. Shorter version serialized in Science Fiction Adventures in March 1953.)
A cynical cop, exiled to Mars, tries to take advantage of the corruption but cannot live down to his own expectations. Hard boiled action adventure.

Dick, Philip K.
The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch
(Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1965)
Conscripted colonists on Mars console themselves with drugs and games. A very typical book by its author, preoccupied with God and the nature of reality.

Dick, Philip K.
Martian Time-Slip
(New York: Ballentine, 1964)
An autistic boy foresees the future on Mars. Meanwhile the adults on the planet conspire around him. Typically of Dick the underlying themes of this book are more important than the ostensible plot.

Dickson, Gordon R.
The Far Call
(New York: Dial Press, 1973)
An expedition to Mars is crippled by political grandstanding and a solar flare. As the astronauts in space fight for their lives a political appointee on Earth fights for the integrity of the mission.

Douglas, Ellsworth
Pharaoh's Broker: Being the Very Remarkable Experiences in Another World of Isidor Werner Written by Himself
(London: C. Pearson, 1899. Republished Boston: Gregg Press, 1976)
A financial speculator travels to Mars and finds it almost identical to Egypt in the time of the Pharaohs. He uses his foreknowledge to speculate and almost takes control of the planet. Unusual in that Mars is depicted as being less advanced than Earth.

Douglas, Ian
Semper Mars
(New York: Avon Eos, 1998)
When a dangerous secret is unearthed from the ruins of an ancient Martian city, the US Marine Corps must be sent in to protect American civilians and US interests on the planet. Patriotic military SF set on Mars, which will perhaps strike US and foreign audiences differently.


Edwards, David
Next Stop Mars: A Novel of the First Spaceship Voyage to the Red Planet
(New York: Greenwich, 1960)

Edwards, Peter
(New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1976)
In the 22nd century an ancient city is discovered on Mars.


Farmer, Philip Jose
Jesus on Mars
(Los Angeles: Pinacle Books, 1979)
An expedition to Mars discovers an orthodox Jewish community ruled by an alien calling himself "Jesus".

Farren, Mick
Mars : The Red Planet
(New York: Ballantine, 1990)
Talk about bad timing! This book was published in 1990, but has as one of its chief villains the KGB. A large part of the book is devoted to describing a future Soviet Union and its role in a new Cold War on Mars. Apart from that, the book is competently written, if somewhat overcrowded in the plot department.

Fearn, John Russell
Emperor of Mars
[U.K.] : Hamilton & Co. (Stafford) Ltd., 1950. Republished: Brooklyn, N.Y. : Gryphon Books, 1995)
“Book 1 in the Famous Mars Quartet”.
Clay Drew, the hero of this series, is kidnapped by a flying saucer and taken to Mars in order to marry a princess and become Emperor.  This book (and its sequels) was commissioned by Hamilton & Co. in order to cash in on the success on Edgar Rice Burroughs’ Mars series.  The books are clumsily written hackwork.

Fearn, John Russell
Warrior of Mars
([U.K.] : Hamilton & Co. (Stafford) Ltd., 1950. Republished: Brooklyn, N.Y. : Gryphon Books, 1995)
“Book 2 in the Famous Mars Quartet”.

Fearn, John Russell
Red Men of Mars
([U.K.] : Hamilton & Co. (Stafford) Ltd., 1950. Republished: Brooklyn, N.Y. : Gryphon Books, 1995)
“Book 3 in the Famous Mars Quartet”.

Fearn, John Russell
Goddess of Mars
([U.K.] : Hamilton & Co. (Stafford) Ltd., 1950.Republished: Brooklyn, N.Y. : Gryphon Books, 1995)
“Book 4 in the Famous Mars Quartet”.

Flammarion, Camille
(New York: Cassell, 1890. Translated from the French by Mary Serrano. Also published by : Boston: Estes and Lauriat, 1890; London: Chatto and Windus, 1891 as Urania.)
A man awakes on Mars and meets the reincarnation of himself.

Fontenay, Charles
Rebels of the Red Planet
(New York: Ace, 1961)
A female agent from Earth falls in love with the mysterious rebel Dark Kensington. A downright silly book whose only virtue is its brevity.

Forward, Robert L.
Martian Rainbow
(New York: Del Rey, 1991)
Twin brothers, one good, one evil, struggle for control of Mars. The science is good but the plot is cliched and the characterization wooden. For dedicated fans of this author only.


Gallum, Raymond Z.
(Tower Books, 1981)
A Mars colony is founded almost by accident, and a nuclear war on Earth causes the home planet to abandon the Martian settlers. Skyclimber is somewhat old fashioned in its characterization and an obligatory sex scene fails to modernize it.

Gantz, Kenneth F.
Not in Solitude
(New York: Doubleday, 1959)
An Air Force expedition to Mars encounters strange signals and hostile attacks even though the only life appears to be a type of lichen. A complex, depressing novel, written by an officer of the USAF.

Genone, Hudor
Bellona's Bridegroom: a Romance

(Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1887)
A man travels to Mars where he discovers an ideal society where everyone speaks English and people age backwards.

Gordon, Rex
No Man Friday
(London: Heinnemann, 1956. American title: First on Mars)
An astronaut is shipwrecked on Mars, and must find ways of surviving there. A very British novel, which seems slightly quaint today.

Gratacap, Louis Pope
The Certainty of a Future Life in Mars: Being the Posthumous Papers of Bradford Torrey Dodd
(New York: Bretano's, 1903; New York: Irving Press, 1903)
A man is reincarnated on Mars and sends messages back to his son. Mars is depicted as being Schiaperellian, with deserts and canals.

Greg, Percy
Across the Zodiac

(London: Trubner & Co., 1880)
An Earthman travels to Mars and discovers an advanced utopian society. While it was original in its time it seems somewhat slow and ponderous today. Chiefly of historical interest.

Griffith, George
Honeymoon in Space
(London: C.A. Pearson, 1901. First published in Pearson’s Magazine, January-June 1900. Republished in The Rivals of H.G. Wells in 1979.)
A couple honeymoon in space, visiting the major planets on their tour.

Groom, Pelham
The Purple Twilight
(London: T. Werner Laurie, 1948)
"A story leading naturally to a trip to Mars and the nature of its inhabitants"--(quoted from Tuck, 1978.)


Hartmann, William K.
Mars Underground
(New York: Tor, 1997)
A legendary explorer disappears on Mars, and an expedition is sent after him. As far as novels about Mars go, this one has it all: political intrigue, romance (in a modern vein), history, philosophy, adventure and alien artifacts. It also happens to be very well written. A definite ‘must’.

Heming, J.W.
From Earth to Mars

(Sydney: Currawong Press, [194-?})
Visitors from Earth are given a guided tour of a technological, socialist paradise. A late entry in the Utopian genre, but not nearly as dull as this description would lead you to believe.

Heinlein, Robert A.
Double Star
(New York: Doubleday, 1956)
A down and out actor must stand in for the leader of Mars. Winner of the 1956 Hugo Award for Best Novel.

Heinlein, Robert A.
The Number of the Beast
(New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1980)
Universe tripping characters travel to Burroughs’ Barsoom, among other places.

Heinlein, Robert A.
Podkayne of Mars

(New York: Putnam, 1963)
A teenage girl travels from Mars to Venus, and gets involved in political intrigue along the way. Has some interesting details about life in the Martian colonies.

Heinlein, Robert A.
Red Planet
(New York: Scribners' Sons, 1949)
Two boys discover a plot against the Martian colonies, and must travel across the planet to warn the colonists. Good, action-packed juvenile fiction, with many ideas which were later elaborated in Heinlein's adult novels. The best part of this story, however, is the boys' strange Martian pet!


Judd, Cyril
Outpost Mars
(New York: Abelard Press, 1952. Originally published in Galaxy in May 1951 as "Mars Child". Re-released by Beacon as: Sin in Space.)
A small Martian colony suffers from the actions of a scheming industrialist and a scurrilous journalist. Life is depicted as being harsh and grim on Mars, but the ending of this novel is happy.

Kline, Otis Adelbert
Outlaws of Mars
(New York: Avalon, 1961. First published in 7 parts in Argosy, beginning 25 November 1933.)
Sequel to Swordsmen of Mars with a different hero.

Kline, Otis Adelbert
Swordsmen of Mars
(New York: Avalon, 1961. First published in 6 parts in Argosy, beginning 7 January 1933.)
The hero is transferred from Earth to Mars by telepathy and saves Martian civilization from destruction. Heavily indebted to Edgar Rice Burroughs.


Landis, Geoffrey A.
Mars Crossing
(New York : TOR, 2000) An accident maroons an expedition on Mars, and they must make an epic trek across the planet in order to survive. Unfortunately the people making the journey all have something to hide and are carrying heavy emotional baggage from their pasts. This is easily the best Mars book I have read all year. It combines adventure, suspense, good characterization and hard science fiction all in one package.

Menace Under Marswood
(London: Grafton, 1983)
Anarchist tribes battle the UN on a terraformed Mars. This book includes a beautiful priestess, a wise old man and hidden aliens: but it is hard to see why the story was set on Mars at all.

Lasswitz, Kurd
Two planets
(Carbondale and Edle: Illinois University Press, 1971. Originally published as Auf Zwei Planeten in 1897. Translated from the German by Hans J. Rudnick. Afterword by Mark Hillegas. English version abridged.)
Two men are captured by Martians near the North Pole. One travels to Mars; the other stays at home. Meanwhile the Martians conquer Earth, and the relations between the two planets degenerate. A comment on 19th century imperialism?

Leggett, Mortimer
A Dream of a Modest Prophet
(Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1890)
A man wakes up on Mars and finds it dominated by a pure Christian-like religion. A religious and moral tract.

Lewis, C.S.
Out of the Silent Planet
(London: John Lane, 1938)
A philologist is kidnapped and taken to Mars where three races co-exist in harmony under the guidance of a god-like being. This pastoral depiction of Mars may charm some; equally, the Christian message of this book may put others off.

Long, Frank Belknap
Mars is my Destination
(Pyramid Books, 1962)
An agent is sent to investigate a feud between two corporations on Mars. Mars seems to be populated entirely by square-jawed "real men" (who deliver speeches about the virtues of the colonies) and their womanly mates. Meanwhile the hero of this novel spends most of his time brooding and dodging assassins.


Maccoll, Hugh
Mr Stranger's Sealed Packet
(London: Chatto and Windus, 1889)
Mr Stranger, and eccentric science master at an English school, builds a spaceship and travels to Mars. There he meets a humanoid race of 'Marsians' and falls in love.

MacKenzie, Nigel
Terror in the Sky
(Wright & Brown, 1955)
"Reprieved convicts in an experimental rocket meet super intelligence on Mars"--(quoted from Tuck, 1978.)

McDonald, Ian
Desolation Road
(Bantam, 1991. First published in 1988, afterword copyright 1991.)
The rise and fall of the town Desolation Road. A fanciful story with everything in it from time travel to little green men, and too complex to summaries briefly. Written in part in tribute to Ray Bradbury. Desolation Road was one of the better Mars novels of the 1980s.

McHugh, Maureen F.
China Mountain Zhang
(New York: Tor Books, 1992)
This book is mainly set on a Communist Chinese Earth, but has a subplot set in a Martian colony. An excellent first novel by a new author.

McIntosh, J. T.
One In Three Hundred
(Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1954.
First published as: "One in Three Hundred" in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction in February 1953
-- "One in a Thousand" in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction in January 1954
-- "One too many" in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction in September 1954.)
When the Earth is destroyed only one in three hundred can be saved by resettling on Mars. This book is outdated in its social attitudes as well as its scientific background.

McLaughlin, Dean
Fury from Earth
(Pyramid, 1964)
"Venus and Mars fight back against exploitation from Earth"--(quoted from Tuck, 1978.)

Mitchell, John Ames

(New York: F.A. Stokes & Co., 1917. Republished New York: Arno Press, 1975)
A telepath discovers antigravity and visits the Moon and Mars.

Moffitt, Donald
Crescent in the Sky
(New York: Del Rey, 1990. Part 1 of The Mechanical Sky. Sequel: A Gathering of Stars.)
On a Muslim Mars, genetic engineer gets caught up in a plot to replace the emir. The author has obviously researched his background well, and the plot and characters hold the readers attention. Unfortunately the book has an inconclusive ending, and the sequel is outside the scope of this bibliography.

Moorcock, Michael
Barbarians of Mars
(Compact Books, 1969. Later published as Masters of the Pit.)
A sequel to Blades of Mars, in the same style.

Moorcock, Michael
Blades of Mars

(Compact Books, 1968. Later published as Lord of the Spiders.)
A sequel to Warriors of Mars. More adventures on the Red Planet.

Moorcock, Michael
Warriors of Mars
(Compact Books, 1965. Later published as City of the Beast.)
A scientist finds himself on an ancient, exotic Mars. A pastiche of Edgar Rice Burroughs, and very like its inspiration, but inferior Moorcock.


Niven, Larry
The Barsoom Project / with Steve Barnes.
(New York: Ace, 1989)
A sequel to Dream Park in which the main game is based on Burrough's Barsoom.

Niven, Larry
Rainbow Mars

(New York : Tor, 1999)
“Larry Niven weaves together time travel and fantasy to create an utterly unique novel on the origin of the Martian "canals." Hanville Svetz was born into a future to match the sorriest predictions of Greenpeace. Most of Earth's original life forms are extinct. It is Svetz's job to go back in time and retrieve them, or at least it was until his Institute for Temporal Research was transferred. Now, with a new boss obsessed with stars and planets, Svetz must figure out why the Martian canals have gone dry and what that means for Earth's future. Because Mars was inhabited. When Svetz learns how the sapient Martian species were wiped out he realizes that Earth could soon fall victim to a similar fate. Together with his dog, Wrona, a visitor from the distant past, and Miya, an astronaut with her own complex history, Svetz must struggle to unravel a puzzle that will tax not just his rational mind but the very limits of his imagination.”--Blurb.


Parkin, Lance
Beige Planet Mars / with Mark Clapham
(London : Virgin Publishing, 1998)
Although this is part of Virgin’s "New Adventure" (no longer "Dr Who New Adventure") series, the links between Beige Planet Mars and Dr Who are so tenuous as to be non-existent. Neither the Doctor nor any other character from the television series appears in the book. The plot involves a murder at an academic conference on Mars, and though the authors do their best the nature of the book means it is fairly shallow and pedestrian.

Pesek, Ludek
The Earth Is Near / Translated from the German by Anthea Bell
(Worcester: Longman Young Books, 1973. First published as Die Erde is Nah: die Marsexpedition, in 1970.)
An expedition travels to Mars, but conflicts among the crew destroy them. Ostensibly a children's book, but interesting reading for adults as well.

Petaja, Emil
The Caves of Mars
(New York: Ace, 1965)
A mad scientist uses a Martian drug to establish a cult following. Fairly standard space opera with a brave hero and a beautiful heroine.

Phillips, Joseph John
Operation Elbow Room
(Santa Barbara, CA : Fithian Press, 1995)

Pike, Christopher
The Season of Passage
(London: Hodder and Stoughton, c1992)
Martian vampires destroy an interplanetary mission. Horror rather than science fiction.

Pohl, Frederik
Man Plus
(London: Gollacnz, 1976)
An astronaut is surgically transformed into a cyborg in preparation for a mission to Mars. A hard science fiction novel which is at once deeply moving and scientifically accurate. Winner of the Nebula award.

Pohl, Frederik
Mars Plus / with Thomas T. Thomas
(New York: Baen Books, 1994)
Intelligent computers plot to control Mars. A disappointing sequel to Man Plus.

Pohl, Frederik
Mining the Oort
(New York: Ballentine Books, 1992)
Mars is heavily in debt to Earth for financing its terraforming project. Follows the career of young Dekker de Woe as he grows up and wishes to take part in this project. A competent piece of science fiction by a thoroughly professional author.

Pope, Gustavus W.
Romances of the Planets, No. 1: Journey to Mars, the Wonderful World: Its Beauty and Splendor: Its Mighty Races and Kingdoms: Its Final Doom
(New York: Dillingham, 1894. Sequel: Romances of the Planets, No. 2: Journey to Venus.)
A U.S. Navy Officer is shipwrecked in Antarctic Ocean, and rescued by Martians who take him to their world. There he meets and falls in love with a princess, but must battle a villainous prince to win her.

Preuss, Paul
Hide and Seek
(New York: Avon, 1989)
A religious cult tries to hide signs of an alien civilization on Mars. No. 3 in the "Arthur C. Clarke's Venus Prime" series.

Priest, Christopher
The Space Machine : A Scientific Romance
(London: Faber, 1976)
A late-Victorian commercial traveler tampers with an eccentric scientist's invention and sends himself and a young lady to Mars. A prequel to War of the Worlds and a successful pastiche in the nineteenth century manner. Mars as described in this book merges recent discoveries with the planet depicted by Wells.


Robinson, Kim Stanley
Blue Mars
(New York: Bantam Books, 1996)
Third in Robinson’s Mars trilogy. This picks up where Green Mars leaves off, and concludes the story of Mars after it achieves independence from Earth. A massive book, which plays with ideas about everything from politics to areology. One to make the reader think. Winner of the Hugo Award.

Robinson, Kim Stanley
Green Mars
(New York: TOR, 1988. First published in the September 1985 issue of Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine. Published as a TOR double in 1988 with Arthur C. Clarke's "A meeting with Medusa".)
A novella about a climbing expedition up Olympus on a partially terraformed Mars. Not to be confused with Robinson's later novel, Green Mars, but covers many of the same themes as the latter. Robinson claims he wrote this to secure the rights to the title "Green Mars". Winner of the Hugo Award.

Robinson, Kim Stanley
The Memory of Whiteness
(New York: TOR, 1985)
A composer/musician and his orchestra tour with stops on all the planets including Mars.

Robinson, Kim Stanley
Green Mars
(London: HarperCollins Publishers, 1993)
Sequel to Red Mars. Begins where the previous novel leaves off and continues the saga into another generation. Very like Red Mars with many of the same characters and incidents. Winner of the Hugo Award.

Robinson, Kim Stanley
(London: Futura, 1984)
A woman gets involved in a revolution on Mars. Years later an enormous monument is discovered on Pluto, and historians try to piece together the tale. Told in three successive narratives, each of which calls in question what has gone before.

Robinson, Kim Stanley
The Martians
(New York: Bantam Books, 1999)
A collection of shorter fiction set in the future of Robinson’s Red Mars, Green Mars and Blue Mars.

Robinson, Kim Stanley
Red Mars
(London: HarperCollins, 1992)
The history of Mars as seen through the eyes of its "first hundred". A monumental novel which covers everything from the first landing, through disputes about the ultimate fate of Mars and a rebellion against the corporations which control the planet. Some readers loved this book: others found its detached, informative style read somewhat like a textbook. Winner of the Nebula Award.


Seddon, Andrew M.
Red Planet Rising
(Wheaton, Ill. Crossway Books, 1995)
Science fiction with a strong Christian theme.

Serviss, Garrett P.
Edison's Conquest of Mars
(Los Angeles: Carcosa House, 1947. First published in the New York Evening Journal, Jan 12 to Feb. 10 1898)
A "sequel" (of sorts) to War of the Worlds. Thomas Edison invents a spaceship and various lethal weapons, and the nations of Earth send a fleet to retaliate against Mars. For its time scientifically accurate (Garrett P. Serviss was a science journalist), but lacks the style of H. G. Well's original.

Sharkey, Jack
The Secret Martians
(New York: Ace, 1960)
"Adventure and mystery on Mars"--(quoted from Tuck, 1978)

Shatner, William
The Law of War
(New York : G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1998)
Sequel to Man O' War.  “ Now, with the corrupt rule of big business broken, and Hawkes himself as prime minister of Mars, the planet named for the god of war seems on its way to a peaceful future.”-- From the blurb.

Shatner, William.
Man O' War
(New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996)
Captain Kirk joins the diplomatic corps and goes to Mars. - Well, not quite. All action Ambassador Benton Hawkes is sent to Mars to resolve a crisis among the planet's oppressed workers. A facile, shallow work with glaring plot improbabilities (Mars as agricultural colony? space pirates?) and cardboard characters, it will appeal mostly to those who like a lot of action adventure and who don't like books which make them think.

Shiner, Lewis
(New York: Baen Books, 1984)
Some valuable discoveries on Mars cause the Russians and a private corporation to set up rival operations to "rescue" the colonists abandoned there. Well written but rather grim in tone.

Sohl, Jerry
The Mars Monopoly
(New York: Ace, 1956)
"Hero is persecuted and cheated by the Mars Mining Combine, but is befriended by Martians"--(quoted from Tuck, 1978.)

Stabenow, Dana
Red Planet Run
(New York: Ace, 1995)
A woman and her two teenage children explore Mars in a balloon. In spite of this terse summary, this book is not as childish as it sounds, and is quite entertaining. Third book in the author's "Star Svensdotter" series, and best read as part of the whole.

Steele, Allen
Labyrinth of Night
(London: Century, 1992)
A scientific team investigating the "face on Mars" must deal with dangerous alien technology and a military megalomaniac. The best novel dealing with alien artefacts on Mars written in the last decade.

Sullivan, Tim
Martian Viking
(New York: Avalon, 1991)
An unemployed man is sent to a Martian penal colony, where he is subjected to experiments with hallucinogenic drugs. The style of this novel is reminiscent of Philip K. Dick.

Sykes, S. C.
Red Genesis
(New York: Bantam, 1991. A Byron Preiss Visual Publication. The Next Wave; Book 1. Includes bibliography and essays by Isaac Asimov and Eugene Mallove.)
An industrialist is exiled to Mars after being convicted of causing a major ecological disaster. This book is full of colorful characters and packed with incident set against a lovingly detailed background. A excellent read from a little known author.


Timlin, William M.
The Ship that Sailed to Mars
(London: Harrap, 1923)
A fairy tale set on Mars. Only 2,000 copies of the original edition were printed; and the volumes include hand lettering and separately mounted illustrations.

Tolstoy, Alexei
(Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1957. First published in 1922-23.)
Two Russians fall foul of the King of Mars, who is afraid they will start a revolution.

Tubb, E. C.
City of No Return
(Scion, 1954)
"Adventures on Mars finding an amazing ancient city"--(quoted from Tuck, 1978.)

Tubb, E. C.
Alien Dust
(London: Boardman, 1955)
A series of grim stories depicting the creation of a colony on Mars. A gloomy and episodic book, which is by today's standards appallingly sexist.
Includes: "Without Eagles" first published in New Worlds in January 1952.
-- "Home is the Hero" first published in New Worlds in May 1952.
-- "Men Only" first published in New Worlds in July 1952.
-- "Alien Dust" first published in New Worlds in January 1953.
-- "Pistol Point" first published in New Worlds in June 1953
-- "Operation Mars" first published in Nebula in December 1954.

Tubb, E.C.
C.O.D. Mars

(New York: Ace, 1968)
"Martian ‘mafia’ wants to know why Earth has exiled three returned interstellar explorers"-- (quoted from Tuck, 1978.)

Two Women of the West
Unveiling a Parallel : A Romance / [Alice Ilgenfritz Jones and Ella Marchant]
(Boston: Arena Publishing Co., 1893)
A rather stuffy gentleman travels to Mars and is shocked by the emancipated women there.


Watson, Ian
The Martian Inca
(New York: Scribners' Sons, 1977)
A contaminated soil sample from Mars infects a village in the Andes with a consciousness altering virus. Meanwhile an American expedition to Mars suffers from the same disease.

Wellman, Manly Wade
The Devil’s Planet

(WCF, 1951. First published in Startling Stories in January 1942.)
"Adventure and intrigue on Mars"--(quoted from Tuck, 1978.)

Whiteford, Wynne
Lake of the Sun
(New York: Ace Books, 1989)
A colony from Earth discovers Martians living underneath the planet. Despite initial misunderstandings all ends happily. An uncharacteristically lightweight book by Wynne Whiteford.

Whiteford, Wynne
The Specialist
(New York: Ace, 1990)
A journalist visits Mars to investigate a mysterious probe which is rumored to have been sighted there. A future mystery-thriller, set against a successfully worked out background.

Williams, Michael Lindsay
Martian Spring
(New York: Avon, 1986)
An explosion in the upper atmosphere alters Mars' axial tilt and brings about a "Martian spring". The book includes a race of saint-like, telepathic Martians which awake from hibernation, an embittered, genetically engineered protagonist and a villain named "Von Bok". Possibly the worst book ever written about Mars.

Williams, Robert Moore
King of the Fourth Planet

(New York: Ace, 1962)
"An invention to explore the human mind leads to discovery of a menace threatening to annihilate the ancient culture of Mars"--(quoted from Tuck, 1978.)

Williams, Speedy
Journey Through Space
(New York: Exposition, 1958)
"An account of a trip to Phobos and back" "--(quoted from Tuck, 1978.)

Williamson, Jack
(New York: Tor Books, 1992)
A mission to Mars is jeopardized by personality conflicts amongst the crew and financial chicanery back home. Similar to Bova's Mars published in the same year, but rather more melodramatic.

Winterbotham, Russ
Red Planet
(New York: Monarch, 1962)
An expedition to Mars is endangered by its megalomaniac captain. Not as grim as other Mars books of its era, even though it has dated in some respects.

Wyndham, John
Planet Plane [/ as by John Benyon]
(London: Newnes, 1935 Subsequently published and better known as Stowaway to Mars. Abridged and serialised as "The Space Machine".)
A young female stowaway jeopardizes a flight to Mars. A sadly dated novel, with its aviator heroes building their own rocket ship and confronting cardboard communists and humanoid aliens on Mars.

Zarem, Lewis
Green Man from Space
(New York: Dutton, 1955)
"A Martian comes to Earth in search of algae, etc., and is forced to return to Mars with an Earth expedition"--(quoted from Tuck, 1978.)

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