Kurt Vonnegut is one of the few American writers since Mark Twain to have won and sustained a great popular acceptance while boldly introducing new themes and forms on the literary cutting edge. This is the "Vonnegut effect" that Jerome Klinkowitz finds unique among postmodernist authors. |
In this definitive study of the authorís fiction, Klinkowitz examines the forces in American life that have made Vonnegutís works possibleósome would say necessary. Born in 1922 and still writing trenchantly more than eighty years later, Vonnegut shares with readers a world that includes the Great Depression, during which his family lost their economic support; the Second World War, in which he was captured at the Battle of the Bulge and experienced the firebombing of Dresden; the corporate surge of postwar America, which he abetted as a publicist for General Electricís Research Laboratory, where "Progress Is Our Most Important Product"; the entrepreneurship of the 1950s, which he participated in when he ran a Saab automobile dealership and operated a short-story business selling to the eraís family magazines; and the countercultural revolt of the 1960s, during which his fiction first gained prominence. Vonnegut also takes us through the growth in recent decades of Americaís sway in art, which his fiction celebrates, and geopolitics, which his novels question.
A pioneer in Vonnegut studies publishing in the field since 1969, Jerome Klinkowitz offers The Vonnegut Effect as a thorough treatment of the authorís fictionóa canon covering more than a half century and comprising twenty books. Considering both Vonnegutís methods and the cultural needs they have served, Klinkowitz explains how those works came to be written and concludes with an assessment of the authorís place in the tradition of American fiction.